Archives of Russian Homophobia
A group of activists from the public organization “Article 282” and “GayRussia” are engaged in a joint project which consists in monitoring hate speech statements towards LGBT people by State officials, politicians, public figures, political parties, organizations but also judges.
Article 282 is an organization campaigning against hate speech towards sexual minorities and named after the article of the criminal code which criminalize hate speech against social groups. To date, no Russian Court ever accepted a complaint by LGBT defendant in a case of hate speech. The judges always rejected any arguments, even scientific work, aiming to demonstrate that gay, lesbian and transgender people form a ‘social group’.
The “database of homophobes” contains public statements made by 487 politicians, officials and public figures, 100 judges, 19 governments and 40 parties, movements and organizations. It was first published on May 17, 2011 to mark the 7th International Day Against Homophobia and it is constantly being updated since then.
The archives are divided into four alphabetical lists:
(automatic translation is provided by Google translate)
Homophobia in the Russian government and in politics
TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1993, President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree which repealed the law forbidding male homosexuality. Starting from 2006, Russian gay rights activists started to celebrate this date by attempting to organize an annual gay rights march known as Moscow Gay Pride. The first edition was banned and marred with violence. It was reffered as the first Russian Stonewall.
This day was founded in 2004 by French Academic Louis-Georges Tin to mark the anniversary of the declassification of homosexuality from the list of disease by the World Health Organization. Russian LGBT have been celebrating this day every year since 2005 under the leadership of Project GayRussia which was itself founded on May 17, 2005. GayRussia is Russia's coordinator of IDAHO.
Following Moscow in May 2009, Minsk was the second capital to host the Slavic Gay Pride. The March was banned and marred with violence but it did not prevent two dozens of Pride organizers from Moscow, Minsk and St. Petersburg to march over 300 meters waiving a 10meters long rainbow flag. 11 participants including some of the organizers were brutally arrested by police forces.
2009 marked the launch of GayRussia's campaign for the opening of same-sex union of gays and lesbians in Russia. While the Constitutional Court already expressd the opinion that marriage is between a man and a woman, activists believe that the lack of partnership or marriage for gay couples is a strong point to impose legislative changes via a decision of the European Court of Human Rights.
The five-judge panel of the Grand Chamber of the Court rejected the appeal of the Russian Federation in the Moscow Pride Ban case. The decision given on October 21 is final. By repeatedly banning Gay Pride Marches as well as other LGBT themed public action, Russia breached the European Convention on Human Rights.